my last english essay --'
The Great Gatsby and the symbolism
The symbolism is everywhere in the Great Gatsby : in the colors, in the actions, in the objects, in the places and even in the different characters of the story. In my essay I develop three axes the first one about the colors, the places and the objects, then about the characters through theirs actions and finally the place of the American dream in this book.
One of the many symbols Fitzgerald used in his book was color. Usually, yellow represents wealth, beauty and opportunity but in the Great Gatsby, yellow represents death, decay and the corruption of rich people. The eyes of Doctor T.J. Eckleburg are yellow, and he saw death through his yellow glasses. Doctor T.J. Eckleburg is like God because he sees everything that takes place within the Valley of Ashes. Gatsby's car is yellow to attract Daisy but it represents corruption, dishonety, deception and finally death when it runs over Myrtle. The red symbolize the blood and the death when Gatsby and Myrtle die. The Valley of Ashes is represented by grey, a sad color. It is the place of no hope, no future where people die. The Valley of Ashes also represents poverty and hopelessness, an example is with Myrtle who tryed to leave this region with Tom. She tried to find the American dream but this dream is impossible to achieve for the lower classes.
Finally, green represents many things like ambition, future, dreams and hope. The green light across the water from Gatsby's house represents his hope to be reunited with Daisy: "Gatsby believed in the green light". It also represents the ambition for everyone to live the American dream because Gatsby will never get to be with Daisy just like Americans will never live the American dream. This book show us the gap between rich and poor people, the Valley of Ashes is the place for very poor people, the East Egg is for people with old money and the West egg people with new money. The representation of all of this symbols shows to the reader how Fitzgerald was a good writer and how this book is not just the story of a crazy man in love with a mean girl.
Everyone in the Great Gatsby has a different nature, between the passive Nick and the rude Tom, through Daisy and her crazy temper. The characters are all different. The narrator Nick Carraway (Care away) is always in the action but he doesn't do anything. He stay out and doesn't judge anyone. He is perfect to be the narrator. Tom is extremely rich, so he can do whatever he wants. He can have an affair with Myrtle the poor girl and order Wilson to kill Gatsby because he have the power. Fitzgerald in his books show how the rich people are the winners in the society. With Daisy, I think she represent the dream. She is what Myrtle wants to be and what Gatsby wants to have. Jordan and Wolfsheim also achieved the American dream, they can cheat during the golf game or fixed the world championship. Finally, the main personage, the Great Gatsby, not really great, at the beginning of the story he is secret, mysterious and represented as an important person but along the story, he become a man gauche, fragile and factuous. He asks Nick to invite Daisy . At the end, he almost touches his dream, Daisy, but he lost the control and died. This story talk about the dishonesty of the rich people when everyone cheat and the gap between the different classes. There is also the weird character of Owl Eyes who is a symbol of wisdom, but can also be an omen of death. Each character represent a part of Fitzgerald : Gatsby the flashy celebrity who pursued and glorified wealth in order to impress the woman he loved, then Nick represents another part: the quiet man who does not have any judgment.
Like a lot of people during the 20', Fitzgerald was looking for the American dream. Everywhere in the Great Gatsby, we can see the American dream as a goal : Myrtle wants to be rich like Tom or Gatsby who already have the money but wants to have the true love with Daisy. About Tom and Jordan, they already have the money and everything they need. Nick stays away. Gatsby's dream, the center of the story, is his true love with Daisy Buchanan. He almost touched it, he was close to the green light when he had an affair with her, but she wasn't really in love with him. He never fully lived his dream. Fitzgerald use his own experience to write his novel. The true love with Zelda. The Great Gatsby is whole about the disintegration of the American dream on 1920s. Nobody find happiness at the end. He just show us how the American dream is inaccessible and fake.
The symbolism is the practice of representing things by symbols. The Great Gatsby which is at first sight a story between a boy who love a girl desperately and try by every way to reach his dream but he never can. The Great Gatsby is much more than that, it's a representation of society during the 20', a foreshadowing of the future great depression and a representation of the real world (no happy end). The representation of the different colors, places, characters demonstrates the writing style of Fitzgerald.
Voilà! it's pretty bad haha...about the symbolism in the Great Gatsby!